EAF steelmaking produces significant;y less carbon dioxide directly than integrated steelmaking. however, EAFs are far more vulnerable to increasing energy prices. EU compensation is necessary to maintain the competetiveness of the industry. For more information on how steelmakers, rollers and distributors can ensure their businesses are economically, as well as environmentally, sustainable, come to Steel Business Briefing’s third annual Green Steel Strategies conference in Berlin on 19-20 April.
SBB 22 December The European Commission (EC) released, on 21 December, its guidelines on state aid for industry to compensate industry, including EAF steelmakers, for higher electricity prices as a result of the Emissions Trading System (ETS). However, the provision could mean only 60% of steelmakers’ additional costs are met, Eurofer tells Steel Business Briefing
Elements of the document are unjustified, agrees Ian Rodgers, policy director of UK Steel. One key issue is that the document calls for a maximum of 85% of the theoretical additional costs to be compensated, falling to 80% in 2016-2018 and 75% in 2019-2020.
The EC argues that this is to incentivise less efficient facilities to invest in energy efficiency. However, UK Steel argues that this is unnecessary as the calculation of theoretical costs already includes a benchmark. This means that only the most efficient plants could possibly receive full compensation.
The theoretical costs are also calculated using production levels from 2005-2011. For much of this period Europe was in recession and production levels were abnormally low. This would mean lower levels of compensation for EAF plants, the associations complain. Furthermore, the EC can only give a maximum figure for compensation, meaning EU member states could actually give less than this in reality.
Eurofer hopes that EU member states will support its views and force a revision of the document by the end of the consultation period in January. Germany is likely to support amendments, SBB understands and UK Steel confirms it will ask the UK government to act.